In 2006 the Moscow Kremlin Museums celebrate the 200th Anniversary. The date of the museum's foundation is considered to be 10th of March, 1806. This day Emperor Alexander I signed an order «On rules of administration and preservation of valuables of the Masters' and Armoury Chamber», which ended up the process began by Peter the Great - that of transforming of royal depositories,  storages and workshops into a museum. The Armoury Chamber was the first public museum in Moscow. Its activity made a bright contribution to the museum history in Russia.

In concequence of changes that took place uin the country in the early 20th century, by 1920-s, in the Moscow Kremlin territory there was formed a unique museum complex. Except the Armoury Chamber, it included  the Assumption, Archangel's and Annunciation Cathedrals, the Church of Laying of Our Lady's Holy Robe, the Ivan the Great Bell-Tower Complex and the 17th century Patriarch's Palace. 
During all the 200 years' history, the name and administration of Moscow Kremlin Museums have changed lots of times. However, its collection have always been  same unique and  the staff members' skill  level has always been high.

The museum have been always headed by outstanding people, such as prince Yu. B. Yusupov, head of Moscow administration, famous writer Michael Zagoskin, historician Sergey Soloviov. The museum activity was linked with Alexey Olenin,  chairman of the Academy of Arts, artist Fyodor Solntsev, historian Ivan Zabelin, foundationer of the Russian History Museum. 

In October, 1991, the unique character of the Kremlin museum complex found official acknowledgement and was given the status of The Moscow Kremlin State Historical and Cultural Museum and Heritage Site and was included to the list of particularly valuable objects of the national heritage. The 200th Anniversary of the Moscow Kremlin State Historical and Cultural Museum and Heritage Site was celebrated with a large programm of various jubilee events.